Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is a hormone synthesized and secreted by gonadotropes in the anterior pituitary gland. FSH regulates the development, growth, pubertal maturation, and reproductive processes of the human body. FSH and Luteinizing hormone (LH) act synergistically in reproduction. Effects in females:
FSH stimulates the growth and recruitment of immature Ovarian follicles in the ovary. Effects in males:
FSH enhances the production of androgen-binding protein by the Sertoli cells of the testes and is critical for spermatogenesis.